Partridgeberry, Partridge Berry
This small vine is slightly woody, forming a low mat of evergreen leaves up to 4″ tall and 1′ or more across. They prefer light shade to partial sun, moist to dry-mesic conditions, and an acidic soil containing sand or rocky material like sandstone. Partridgeberry has small, glossy leaves and tiny white trumpet-shaped blooms in mid-summer, that turn into red berries but is most notable from late autumn through early spring when its evergreen foliage contrasts with the grays and browns of the surrounding dead vegetation.
The flowers are cross-pollinated by bumblebees seeking nectar but the main food source is the bright red berries which are enjoyed by the Ruffed Grouse, Bobwhite Quail, Wild Turkey, and small mammals including Red Fox, Eastern Skunk, Eastern Chipmunk, White-Footed Mouse, and Woodland Deer Mouse. They, in turn, spread the seed to new locations.
Woody Evergreen Mat-forming Groundcover
Hardiness Zone: 3-8
Light: Light shade to partial sun
Mature Growth: .4″-1 foot
Soil: moist to dry-mesic conditions. Tolerate: Heavy Shade, Dry Soil
Wildlife: Nectar-insects, Nectar-butterflies, Nectar-bees
Plant Sizes when available: 1 gallon