Also known as: Eastern Hop Hornbeam, Leverwood, Ironwood Hornbeam Tree
Hop hornbeam prefers moist, well-drained, slightly acidic soils of rich or average composition. It adapts readily to wet, dry, poor, or alkaline soils with a slightly reduced growth rate. The hop-like papery sack encases a nutlet that is the fruit of this tree and is a winter food for ring-necked pheasants, rabbits, grouse, turkeys, deer, squirrels, an several songbirds. These fruits occur in clusters that resemble true hops that are used in the production of beer.
The buds have about 6 scales; leaves are oblong-ovate, sharply doubly-serrate, and downy beneath, 2 to 4 inches in length and 1 to 2 inches in width. The tree is monoecious (bearing flowers of both sexes on the same tree).
Beautiful small scale tree with shaggy bark used as understory tree.
Yearly Foliage: Deciduous
Hardiness Zone: 3-9
Light: Full sun to Partial Shade
Mature Growth: 20-50 feet high – 15-30 feet wide
Soil: dry upland, average, well-drained, slightly acidic soils of rich or average composition – Tolerate: Deer, Drought, Clay soil
Blooms: Ranges from mid spring to late spring
Wildlife: Nectar-insects, Nectar-butterflies, Nectar-bees
Plant Size when available: 1 gallon, 3 gallon