Also known as: Angelica Tree, Devil’s Walkingstick
Native, deciduous, upright, tree or shrub with thick, spiny stems giving a tropical appearance. The striking, large leaves are simple or pinnate to 3-pinnate, and are sometimes covered with large bristles. Numerous white or greenish white flowers are borne in conical, terminal panicles, to 24 inches long in summer and are followed by usually spherical black fruit that are eagerly eaten by birds. Grow in fertile, humus rich, moist soil in a sunny or partially shaded site, sheltered from strong winds, which may damage the large leaves. Pruning: remove suckers at any time to control spread.
Yearly Foliage: Deciduous
Hardiness Zone: 4-9
Light: Full Sun-Partial Shade
Mature Growth: 30 feet high – 15 feet wide
Soil: Fertile, humus rich, moist
Wildlife: Seeds are favored by birds; leaves are browsed by deer. Nectar-insects, Nectar-butterflies, Nectar-bees, Fruit-birds